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Self Portrait by Alice Bailly, 1917
Notes from WIKIPEDIA

"Alice Bailly (1872–1938) was born in Geneva, Switzerland, where she attended separate classes for women at the École des Beaux-Arts, studying under Hugues Bovy and Denise Sarkiss. She also went on to study in Munich, Germany. By 1906 she had moved to Paris, where she befriended a number of notable modernist painters such as Juan Gris, Francis Picabia, Albert Gleizes, Jean Metzinger, Fernand Léger, Sonia Lewitska and Marie Laurencin.

"While in Paris she became interested in Fauvism, and showed some paintings in the style at the Salon d'Automne alongside principal painters of the movement. At the beginning of World War I, Bailly returned to Switzerland and invented her signature tableaux-laine or 'wool paintings' in which short strands of colored yarn acted as brush strokes. Between 1913 and 1922 she made approximately fifty paintings in this style. She was also briefly involved with the Dada movement.

"She moved to Lausanne in 1923 and remained there for the rest of her life. She was commissioned to paint eight large murals for the foyer of the Theatre of Lausanne in 1936. This task led to exhaustion which may have contributed to the tuberculosis that caused her death in 1938. Her will directed that the proceeds from the sale of her art be used to establish a trust fund to aid young Swiss artists."


"While she was exhibiting her early wood engravings in Paris, Fauvism came to the fore. Bailly was inspired by the style's bold use of intense colors, dark outlines, and emphatically unrealistic anatomy and space. In 1908, her new paintings hung at the Salon d'Automne alongside the art of the principal Fauve painters."

"Continuing her stylistic experimentation, Bailly developed her own variation of Cubism. In 1912, her work was chosen to represent Switzerland in a traveling exhibition seen in Russia, England, and Spain."

By Gill Perry

"Since its foundation in 1884 the Salon de Independents had provided opportunity for artists whose work did not meet with the (broadly speaking) more traditional forms of work exhibited [....] Unlike most other exhibiting societies the Independents was open to anyone. The absence of a jury system encouraged submissions from women artists who might otherwise have encountered some professional prejudice. Catalogue lists from the first two decades of the century show that this society became one of the most important exhibiting outlets for women. Marvel, Charmy, Valadon, Laurencin, Alice Bailly and Mela Muter all showed there regularly during this period, and most of the women artists associated with the Cubist movement including Sonia Delaunay."

AT THE BALL (Rose-Marie Matthey) by Alice Bailly

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