Here is Ruby McKim's JACK IN THE BOX, published, 1931, in her 101 PATCHWORK PATTERNS, p.46 (see quilt designs bibliography for more early quilt design collections). McKim's notes introduce the block as follows:
"JACK IN THE BOX is a crisp, angular pattern, as perky as its surprising name. The sketched block shows how easy it is to piece."
Barbara Brackman's ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PIECED QUILT PATTERNS (p.239) includes JACK IN THE BOX in her section titled, "Blocks with Unpieced Bars," including, at this site, ALPINE CROSS, also BEAR'S PAW and GARDEN OF EDEN.
There is an ingenious difference, though, in this version of JACK IN THE BOX by Ruby McKim, as compared to the standard version. That's because the triangles in the corners seem to flop over themselves and thereby geometrically prompt a bit of humor and a sense of the puppet, but even more importantly they also serve to pop open the box in the tiling pattern — scroll down to see how it works (look inside the large squares)!!
For more toys, games, rhmyes and other children's designs at this site see:
ANN'S DOLL QUILT
OLD KING COLE'S CROWN
TIC TAC TOE
KALEIDOSCOPE (with more kids' links)