Early Women Masters East and West
WELCOME!! to Early Women Masters East & West —
Ancient to Early Modernism — includes Creative Women in Art History,
Women Artists, Women in Music, Poetry, Greek Myth, Women Zen Masters
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1939 Photo above of the great Mexican artist, Frida Kahlo (1907-1954), at home in La Casa Axul,
and holding up a jade Olmec figurine. The cat illustrated below is by Mary Fedden (1915-2012).
Mary Fedden Cat
More early 20th century, women artists at this site include:
DADA with Sophie Taeuber-Arp (1889-1943), illustrated above-right
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Celebrate the colorful abstractions of SONIA DELAUNAY (1885-1979, photo left) and
the amazing still lifes and folk paintings of MARY FEDDEN (1915-2012, photo right)


• See: NATURAL ABSTRACTION in the art of Georgia O'Keeffe (1887-1986)
(with notes on O'Keeffe and Zen Buddhism)

ANCIENT CHINESE TAOISM — THE FEMININE TAO

Poem by Immortal Sister Sun Bu-er (12th c.)
"The relic from before birth  
Enters one's heart one day.
Be as careful as if you were holding a full vessel,
Be as gentle as if you were caressing an infant.
The gate of earth should be shut tight,
The portals of heaven should be first opened.
Wash the yellow sprouts clean,
  And atop the mountain is thunder shaking the earth."

TAO: GUEST OR HOST?
Illustrated with a sculpture by Emma Stebbins (1815-1882)

From her Introduction to the WAY OF TAO by Kari Hohne:
"Taoism evolved as a study of natural processes, and how human beings can
return to a more natural way of being in the world. One blends into the
seamless unity of life, without losing the sense of self. Its emphasis on the
individual, who learns to activate a power within, makes Taoism unique."
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HYMNING THE TAO TE CHING
(Literal 81 Chapter CHINESE & ENGLISH, searchable on a single page —
(a Gender Inclusive Version, illustrated with Nature Photography)


FREE ANTIQUE GEOMETRIC QUILT DESIGNS
Index, Historical Notes, Free PATCHWORK BLOCKS
AMERICAN QUILTS: ("Flying Squares" below)

See also: QUILT DESIGNS Celebrating Great Women Artists »»
or Quilt Designs with great Women Poets »»

For CHILDREN'S quilt designs and names, see KALEIDOSCOPE!!
Have a look at LOTUS BLOCK for links to botanicals, or
THREE PATCH for a list of patterns with CURVED ELEMENTS!!
Click here for ANIMATED SLIDE-IN Patterns.

Ladies Art Company Catalogue (1898, with addenda up to 1928)
«« Newspaper Clippings and Index to Selected Quilt Designs
Illustrated by NANCY CABOT, 1930's

HARRIET POWERS (1837-1911) (Photo: 1901)
African-American Story-Bible Quilts
QUILTS WITH TAO (I Ching)
See also QUILT DESIGN COMPENDIUMS (Books Old and New)
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WOMEN MYSTICS
EMILY DICKINSON'S POETRY — A NATURE MYSTICISM LABYRINTH
Explore a clickable, 4-circuit-meander and multi-page labyrinth, comprised of 32 mystic poems by Emily Dickinson (1830-1886), and each combining nature spirituality with travel imagery. The site includes related commentary adapted from ED's own poems and letters, and see at this site a guide to Emily Dickinson's HERBARIUM, along with links to ONLINE botanical illustrations.

For Dickinson offsite at Wordpress: have a look also at: DICKINSONGS—a tribute to Emily Dickinson's Philosophy of the Small. Young Dickinson photo illustrated right: detail from a daguerreotype. Dickinson says: "I dwell in Possibility — a fairer House than Prose — more numerous of Windows — superior for Doors —"


WOMEN & THE ARTS
 WOMEN ARTISTS AT THE EASEL - Self-Portraits (1540-1980) 

See a fascinating slideshow by the Mexican artist, Frida Kahlo (1907-1954), and focusing
on her famous self portraits — illustration above: Frida with her pet parrot, Bonito, 1941.

In 1548, the Flemish Renaissance painter Caterina van Hemessen (b.1528) created the
first self-portrait of any artist, depicted with brush and palette, working at an easel. Her
achievement is celebrated here with a slideshow including 23 additional self portraits
by great women artists, spanning more than 400 years and 12 countries of origin.

MORE WOMEN ARTISTS' SELF PORTRAITS
Above painted 1905: Alice Pike Barney (1857–1931), mother of the great, American
playwright, poet and novelist, Natalie Clifford Barney (1876-1972)

See also at this site: WOMEN ARTISTS SELF PORTRAITS by:
Caterina Van Hemessen (1548) | Sofonisba Anguissola (1556) | Artemisia Gentileschi (1639) |
Judith Leyser (1630's) | Elisabetta Sirani (1660) | Anna Waser (1691) | Angelica Kauffman (1781) |
Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun (1782) | Anne Vallayer-Coster (1783) | Adélaïde Labille-Guiard (1785) |
Marie-Guillemine Benoist (1790) | Marie-Victoire Lemoine (ca. 1796) | Marie Ellenrieder (1819) |
Anna Bilinska Bohdanowicz (b. 1857, painting: 1887) | Rosa Bonheur (1857) | Mary Cassatt (1876) |
Berthe Morisot (1885) | Alice Pike Barney (1905) | Zinaida Serebriakova (1907) | Alice Bailly (1917) |
Suzanne Valadon (1937) | Frida Kahlo (1941) | Bridget Riley (1965) | Alice Neel (1980)


Above: TWO GIRLS (1935) by the American painter, Isabel Bishop (1902-1988)
Illustration below Left: "Tidying Up" by Isabel Bishop, 1938

Bishop bequeaths her own ideas about her paintings and drawings in a couple of personal essays dating back to 1953 and there, she states the following (republished in ISABEL BISHOP: Prints & Drawings, Brooklyn Museum, 1964):

"Genre drawings are never heroic, never the 'grand manner,' and never large. Also they are never 'compositions.' [...] In this particular kind of artistic expression, the subject must seem unmanipulated — as though a piece of life had been sneaked up on, seized and somehow became art, without anything having been done to it. This is the way it seems which is part of the content."

[...] "When mobility is introduced into a picture, the possibility is expressed, that whatever is represented there, can change its position, though all may be described as still. This communication, which must be made through the total form in the picture (and is quite a different thing from movement), releases the content."

   
Above: ABSTRACT EXPRESSIONISM, with HELEN FRANKENTHALER (1928-2011)
Illustration above left: Frankenthaler's "A LITTLE ZEN" (1970)
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Isabel Bishop, 1957
See also Bishop's "PORTRAIT OF AN OFFICE GIRL," a detail from the drawing shown right, created with pencil, red ink, and wash white heightening on paper—the date unknown, but there is a similarity in this drawing, that is, in the cap and the ruffled collar of the clothing, with the rendering of the clothing of the "TWO GIRLS" (1935) illustrated above.

And regards the painting, TWO GIRLS, Isabel Bishop had two acquaintances from the Union Square area [in New York City], and who agreed to pose for the picture, so that Bishop could capture the interaction of the two figures. The work took more than a year to complete, and it was painted with oil and tempera.

Additional notes on Isabel Bishop, that is, her
life, education and her art works are available at
Wikipedia, along with a full listing of other great
19th and 20th Century Women Artists.


Illustrations Above:
SAPPHO reading a Greek manuscript (possibly her own poetry) and right, a
sculpture of the mother of DEMETER, Rhea, with bird crown, Crete ca. 1200 BCE.
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ART & MYTHOLOGY: 
ANCIENT GREEK HYMN TO DEMETER & PERSEPHONE 
 Bibliography | *Sappho or another female author for the Hymn?
Cast of Characters | Offsite at Wordpress: Journeys with Demeter & Plato
See SAPPHO'S WORD: Selected word-puzzles, epithets and imagistic ideas:
Sappho's inspirational fragments as cited by ancient authors.

 The 25 Episodes of the HYMN TO DEMETER (Distaff Power Myth)
Ancient Greek Transliteration and Translation: Citations from feminist
& Other Commentary, Art & Photo Illustrations, Glossary, see below by Line Number

(001-014)
The Narcissus
(015-032)
Abduction
(033-050)
Novena
(051-061)
Hecate/Moon
(062-089)
Helios/Sun
(090-104)
Descent
(105-117)
Women at Well
(118-144)
Doso's Story
(145-170)
Demeter Hired
(171-189)
Threshold
(190-205)
Iambe's Jest
(206-211)
The Kykeon
(212-232)
Demophoön
(233-254)
God-Making
(255-279)
Transfigured
(280-295)
Epiphany
(296-309)
Temple Grief
(310-333)
Iris-Messengers
(334-358)
Hermes
(359-383)
Return
(384-413)
Pomegranate
(414-440)
Reunion
(441-469)
Rheia's Visit
(470-482)
The Rites
(483-495)
Triumph
Medieval & Renaissance Music CDs
Women composers, music by Kassia (Gregorian), Hildegard of Bingen, Trobairitz (Medieval Women Troubadours), Chansons de Femme, performed by Sinfonye, Anonymous 4, Sequentia, Circle Dances, Christine de Pisan, Anne Boleyn, Elizabeth I, the Black Madonna, Bridget of Ireland
Emily Dickinson Feminist Essays
Brilliant, early feminist essays on Emily Dickinson's life, letters & poetry (pub. 1886-1915) by: (1) Emily Fowler Ford, (2) Ella Gilbert Ives, (3) Elizabeth Shepley Sergeant, (4) Thomas Wentworth Higginson, (5) Susan Huntington Dickinson, (6) Lilian Whiting, (7) Martha Dickinson Bianchi
THE WAY OF ENSŌ (Enigmatic Circles!! Slideshow)
Picturing Tao & Picturing I Ching (Enigmatic & Nature Photography)
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SPIRITUAL ALCHEMY, with Mary Cassatt (1844-1926)
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Crookback: Women Masters in the Chuang-tzu
Magical Calligraphy of Tokai Okon
Uncarved WOOD (Nature Mysticism with Photography)
Immortal Sister Sun Bu-er (Taoist Poetry & Historical Legend)


& ASIAN ARTS
WHAT IS ZEN? According to the Soto Zen Buddhist Association:
"Zen evolved from the teachings of the historical Buddha who lived 2500 years ago in India.
These teachings spread to China some six hundred years later. Zen (called Ch’an in China)
developed in Mahayana Buddhist monasteries in the 7th Century. Inspired in part
by the Chinese practice of the TAO, Ch’an/Zen was characterized
by a spontaneity and naturalness."

See also NATURAL SOUNDS (Idiophonics, with sound effects) in
Early Japanese Women's Poetry (includes separate BIBLIOGRAPHY),
and Songs of the Shamaness (Princess Nukata)

Studies on compassion: KUAN YIN and TARA (Illustrations by Mayumi Oda)
MT. FUJI's Japanese SHINTO Goddesses | waka poetry by Princess SHIKISHI

Japanese Jomon Pottery
Rengetsu Pottery
<< JAPANESE JOMON POTTERY        
(Women's Prehistoric Ceramics —
citations, images, links, sources
««« or click illustration left)
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Julia V. Nakamura's Japanese Tea
Audrey Yoshiko Seo's Gardens
Chiyo-ni's Haiku Poetry

An Illustrated SHOBOGENZO
ZEN Studies of the Way

by Dogen Zenji (Gender-Inclusive),
Extensive Bibliography, Citations —
also Dogen's ECOSPIRITUALITY
with ink drawings

« ABLUTIONS
Keiko Abe Marimba music with
Otagaki Rengetsu (1791-1875)
« her hand-shaped bowl with
incised Zen waka poetry, left —
see also her Incredible Edibles!!

 EARLY WOMEN MASTERS EAST & WEST 
earlywomenmasters.net is a non-profit, educational website
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